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All minors under age 18, including minors employed by parents, (ED.C.49141) must have a Work Permit except if minor has graduated from high school. Applications are available at each school while school is in session and during the spring break, fall break and summer at your local County Office of Education. Work permits must be renewed at the start of each new school year or at the time the student obtains a new job. Work permits are required all year, not just when school is in session. It serves as an age certificate and states the maximum hours a minor may work based on their age (ED.C.49160). Merced County residents may call Merced County Office of Education for information at 381-6607. All minors under age 18 must be enrolled in school to get a work permit.
Contact your local county office of education for information on obtaining work permits when school is not in session.
Merced County ResidentsMerced County Office of Education632 W. 13th Street, Building BMerced, CA 95341(209) 381-6607 or Fax 381-6766
Minors must provide proof of age (i.e. birth certificate, medical/insurance card, or any official document showing the minor's name and birth date)
Work Permit Application (.doc) For users who have Microsoft Word 2000 or newer. Work Permit Application (.pdf)For users who do NOT have Microsoft Word 2000 or newer. Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader.
16 & 17 Year Olds
Must have completed 7th grade to work while school is in session. (EC 49112)
14 & 15 Year Olds
Must have completed 7th grade to work while school is in session (EC 49112)
12 & 13 Year Olds
Labor laws generally prohibit non-farm employment of children younger than 14. Special rules apply to agricultural work, domestic work, and the entertainment industry. (LC 1285–1312)
School In Session
4 hours per day on any schoolday (EC 49112, 49116; LC 1391)
8 hours on any non-schoolday or on any day preceding a non-schoolday. (EC 49112; LC 1391)
48 hours per week (LC 1391)
WEE students & personal attendants may work more than 4 hours on a schoolday, but never more than 8. (EC 49116; LC 1391, 1392)
3 hours per schoolday outside of school hours (EC 49112, 49116; LC 1391)
8 hours on any non-schoolday
No more than 18 hours per week (EC 49116; LC 1391)
WEE students may work during school hours & up to 23 hours per week. (EC 49116; LC 1391)
2 hours per schoolday and a maximum of 4 hours per week. (EC 49112)
School Not In Session
8 hours per day (LC 1391, 1392)
40 hours per week (LC 1391)
8 hours per day (LC 1391, 1392)
Spread of Hours
5 a.m.–10 p.m. However, until 12:30 a.m. on any evening preceding a non-schoolday (LC 1391)
WEE students, with permission, until 12:30 a.m. on any day (LC 1391.1)
Messengers: 6 a.m.–9 p.m.
7 a.m.–7 p.m., except that from
June 1 through Labor Day, until 9 p.m. (LC 1391)
UNIFORMS (I.W.C. Orders)When uniforms are required by the employer to be worn by the employee as a condition of employment, such uniform shall be provided and maintained by the employer. A uniform includes wearing apparel and accessories of distinctive design or color (i.e. company name imprinted hats, shirts, etc.)
Prohibited Employment Hazardous Occupations for Minors Federal LawThe Federal Government under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) has listed 17 hazardous occupations which minors UNDER THE AGE OF 18 are prohibited from working in any capacity. There are no exemptions or exceptions !!! This is a partial list. For a complete listing contact the U.S. Department of Labor.
Workers Compensation InsuranceAll minors must be covered by Workers Compensation including minors employed by parents and minors employed by businesses operating from a private residence.Note: Private homeowners insurance only provides Workers= Compensation coverage for employees performing domestic work, not work performed for your business (L.C. 3700). Call State Workers Compensation fund for information at (916) 463-6201.
Prohibited Employment Hazardous OccupationsFor Minors California Labor LawIn addition to Federal (FLSA) regulations the State of California prohibits minors UNDER THE AGE OF 16 from the following occupations. This is a partial list. For a complete list contact the Dept. of Industrial Relations at 248-8400.
Wages (I.W.C. Orders)
Tax Withholding& StatementAll employers must furnish each employee, at the time wages are paid, a separate or detachable itemized statement of deduction. (L.C.226, 226.2) (IRS Circular E-Employers Guide)
For More Information on California or Federal Laws and Minors Contact:
WORKERS COMPENSATIONState Workers Compensation Insurance31 E. Channel StreetStockton, CA 95202(209) 463-6201